The gospel texts for the story of Mary Magdalene in the Bible

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Questions marks: Did Jesus of Nazareth marry Mary Magdalene?

Did Jesus marry Mary
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Resurrection of Jesus Christ

Mary Magdalene's story  'He's alive!'

Mary of Nazareth and Mary Magdalene, from the movie 'Passion of the Christ' 

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Detail of the painting of the Crucifixion by Matthias Grunewald

Archaeology: Crucifixion
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Reconstruction of an underground tomb circa 1st century AD

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Ancient tomb with hollowed out shelf on which the body was laid

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Image of Mary Magdalene from the movie 'Passion of the Christ'

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PAINTINGS OF MARY MAGDALENE

Christ in the house of Martha and Mary, Rubens/Brueghel the Younger

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Mary Magdalene in the gospels


Mary Magdalene as a disciple of Jesus

 Luke 8:1-3

1 Soon afterward he went on through cities and villages, preaching and bringing the good news of the kingdom of God. And the twelve were with him, 2 and also some women who had been healed of evil spirits and infirmities: Mary, called Mag'dalene, from whom seven demons had gone out, 3 and Joan'na, the wife of Chuza, Herod's steward, and Susanna, and many others, who provided for them out of their means.    

Mary Magdalene at the crucifixion

Mark 15:40-41, Luke 23:49, Matthew 27:55-56, John 19:25

Crucifixion, Nicholas Gay, painting

Crucifixion, Nicholas Gay

40 There were also women looking on from afar, among whom were Mary Mag'dalene, and Mary the mother of James the younger and of Joses, and Salo'me, 41 who, when he was in Galilee, followed him, and ministered to him; and also many other women who came up with him to Jerusalem.     Mark 15:40-41

25 So the soldiers did this. But standing by the cross of Jesus were his mother, and his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Mag'dalene.    John 19:25

Jesus' body prepared for burial

Luke 23:55-56, Matthew 27:61

55 The women who had come with him from Galilee followed, and saw the tomb, and how his body was laid; 56 then they returned, and prepared spices and ointments. On the sabbath they rested according to the commandment. 
Luke 23:55-56

61 Mary Mag'dalene and the other Mary were there, sitting opposite the sepulchre.  
Matthew 27:61

The Dead Christ, Annibale Carriacci, painting

The Dead Christ, Annibale Carriacci

 

Mary witnesses the resurrection

Mark 16:1-11, Luke 24:1-11, Matthew 28:1-10, John 20:1-18

1 And when the sabbath was past, Mary Mag'dalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salo'me, bought spices, so that they might go and anoint him. Stone tomb with circular door covering rolled away2 And very early on the first day of the week they went to the tomb when the sun had risen. 3 And they were saying to one another, "Who will roll away the stone for us from the door of the tomb?" 4 And looking up, they saw that the stone was rolled back; --it was very large. 5 And entering the tomb, they saw a young man sitting on the right side, dressed in a white robe; and they were amazed. 6 And he said to them, "Do not be amazed; you seek Jesus of Nazareth, who was crucified. He has risen, he is not here; see the place where they laid him. 7 But go, tell his disciples and Peter that he is going before you to Galilee; there you will see him, as he told you." 8 And they went out and fled from the tomb; for trembling and astonishment had come upon them; and they said nothing to any one, for they were afraid. 9 Now when he rose early on the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, from whom he had cast out seven demons. 10 She went and told those who had been with him, as they mourned and wept. 11 But when they heard that he was alive and had been seen by her, they would not believe it.     Mark 16:1-11

Christ Appears to the Holy Women, painting by James Tissot

Christ Appears to the Holy Women, Tissot

1 Now on the first day of the week Mary Mag'dalene came to the tomb early, while it was still dark, and saw that the stone had been taken away from the tomb. 2 So she ran, and went to Simon Peter and the other disciple, the one whom Jesus loved, and said to them, "They have taken the Lord out of the tomb, and we do not know where they have laid him." 3 Peter then came out with the other disciple, and they went toward the tomb. 4 They both ran, but the other disciple outran Peter and reached the tomb first; 5 and stooping to look in, he saw the linen cloths lying there, but he did not go in. 6 Then Simon Peter came, following him, and went into the tomb; he saw the linen cloths lying, 7 and the napkin, which had been on his head, not lying with the linen cloths but rolled up in a place by itself. Peter and John run towards the tomb of Jesus8 Then the other disciple, who reached the tomb first, also went in, and he saw and believed; 9 for as yet they did not know the scripture, that he must rise from the dead. 10 Then the disciples went back to their homes. 11 But Mary stood weeping outside the tomb, and as she wept she stooped to look into the tomb; 12 and she saw two angels in white, sitting where the body of Jesus had lain, one at the head and one at the feet. 13 They said to her, "Woman, why are you weeping?" She said to them, "Because they have taken away my Lord, and I do not know where they have laid him." 14 Saying this, she turned round and saw Jesus standing, but she did not know that it was Jesus. 15 Jesus said to her, "Woman, why are you weeping? Whom do you seek?" Supposing him to be the gardener, she said to him, "Sir, if you have carried him away, tell me where you have laid him, and I will take him away." 16 Jesus said to her, "Mary." She turned and said to him in Hebrew, "Rab-bo'ni!" (which means Teacher). 17 Jesus said to her, "Do not hold me, for I have not yet ascended to the Father; but go to my brethren and say to them, I am ascending to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God." 18 Mary Mag'dalene went and said to the disciples, "I have seen the Lord"; and she told them that he had said these things to her.     John 20:1-18

Icon of Mary Magdalene instructing the Apostles

In the Eastern Orthodox Church, 
Mary is hailed as the Apostle to the Apostles

 

 

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